Periodontitis is a bacterial infection of the gums, bone and ligaments supporting teeth and anchoring them into the jaws. More than half of the population older than 18 and 75% of population up to the age of 35 deal with some sort of parodontopathy. Gingivitis is the beginning fase and involves gum tissue infection. Patients’ gums turn red, swollen, and bleed easily. The bone structure under the affected gums is still out of danger in reference to infections. If the problem is not treated, it grows into periodontitis, which may be mild, moderate or severe, depending on the level that the gum tissue has been destroyed, as well as the ligaments and bone surrounding the teeth. As the illness progresses, gums start detaching themselves from teeth and dental pockets appear. In time, these pockets fill with dental deposits and plaque. As bone destruction grows, teeth start loosening. Parodontopathy is usually caused by poor oral hygiene, smoking, impacted teeth, teeth wear (abrasion and bruxism), hormonal changes (including pregnancy, menstrual cycles and menopause), diets, blood diseases, diabetes, and certain medications.
TREATMENT AND LASER TREATMENT
Mild cases of parodontopathy can be solved by daily plaque elimination treatments and good oral hygiene. This involves brushing your teeth twice per day, flossing once a day, a balanced diet and regular dentist appointments for professional cleaning of your teeth and check-ups.
Treatment Mild cases of parodontopathy can be solved by daily plaque elimination treatments and good oral hygiene. This involves brushing your teeth twice per day, flossing once per day, a balanced diet and regular dentist appointments for professional cleaning of your teeth and check-ups. Plaque and tartar are removed by scraping and cleaning of the dental surface using special (manual) tools. Kruna MS uses only ultrasonic equipment for plaque and tartar removal. These tools use vibrations in order to remove hard deposits and stains. Severe cases of parodontopathy are dealt with surgically, by performing a flap surgical procedure in order to remove the diseased parts of the gums and bone.
Laser treatment Laser treatments have the main advantage of being pain-free. There is no need for anesthesia. Laser is more precise for surgical treatments and very convenient to use because it coagulates blood, i.e. decreases or prevents bleeding during surgery. In gum treatments (including periodontal pockets), laser treatments are used to efficiently destroy bacteria microorganisms that release toxins responsible for causing parodontopathy. The healing period and postoperative discomfort are significantly shorter and lighter in comparison to those with traditional treatments.